The Second World War
The Second World War heavily affected the town with a thousand buildings being destroyed resulting in over 500 casualties because of the violent bombing raids that occurred during the allied offensive in 1944. In 1944, the nationalization rulings for the town of Houillères were taken (decree dated 26th September 1944 nationalizing the Lens Mining Company). The Houillères schools were turned over to the local authorities. Once again, the Town had to be rebuilt. This reconstruction had less of an effect on the appearance of the Town than the previous one. Temporary accommodation was set up by the Town and the Mines. A temporary commercial town also occupied the Place de la République.